The 2011 Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for Mathematics provides the primary foundation for mathematics instruction in grades JK – 5 at the Morse School. This framework builds on the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics as adopted by 45 states and 3 territories across the United States, and clearly defines and communicates what is expected of students at each grade level in terms of their mathematical understandings.
CPS has been working over the past two years to transition from the previous Massachusetts Framework to the new standards. During the 2012 – 2013 academic year, we will be moving to full implementation of the new mathematical content at each grade level.
The Massachusetts pre-kindergarten standards apply to children who are older four- and younger five-year olds. The standards—which correspond with the learning activities in the Massachusetts Guidelines for Preschool Learning Experiences (2003)—can be promoted through play and exploration activities, and embedded in almost all daily activities. They should not be limited to “math time.” In this age group, foundations of mathematical understanding are formed out of children’s experiences with real objects and materials.
In Junior Kindergarten, instructional time should focus on two critical areas:
- developing an understanding of whole numbers to 10, including concepts of one-to-one correspondence, counting, cardinality (the number of items in a set), and comparison; and
- recognizing two-dimensional shapes, describing spatial relationships, and sorting and classifying objects by one or more attributes.
Relatively more learning time should be devoted to developing children’s sense of number as quantity than to other mathematics topics.
The Standards for Mathematical Practice describe varieties of expertise that all students of mathematics should develop from grades JK through 12. For more specific information on learning expectations for students at the junior kindergarten level, visit the CPS Math Dept. website.